CITIZENSHIP BY CONFERRAL is for permanent visa holders who have been lawfully residing in Australia for at least 4 years which includes:
At least 12 months as a permanent visa holder; and
Total absences from Australia of no more than 12 months, including no more than 3 months in the 12 months before applying.
Therefore, the 4 years residency requirement can include up to 3 years of temporary residency.
CITIZENSHIP BY DESCENT is for people who were born overseas to an Australian parent.
To determine your eligibility for Australian citizenship please click here to go to the citizenship website.
If you would like to discuss your options in more detail, please contact us.